The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was developed by Isabel Briggs-Meyers and her mother Katherine Cook-Briggs, based on the earlier work of Carl Gustav Jung, in order to help distribute different jobs in an efficient manner (according to a job’s suitability for a given psychological preference) during WWII (80% of the Fortune 500 companies now use it in some form). Completion of a test results in one of sixteen types, each with a unique four-letter designation. The first letter can be E (Extraverted) or I (Introverted). Extraverts gain energy in social situations and lose it while alone, the opposite is true for introverts. The second letter can be S (Sensing) or N (iNtuiting). Sensors are realistic and live in the moment, whereas intuitives are imaginative and live in the future. The third letter can be T (Thinking) or F (Feeling). Thinkers use logic to make decisions and feelers use their emotions. The fourth letter can be P (Perceiver) or J (Judger). Perceivers like to leave their options open and judgers like to make quick decisions. It is possible to find an individually tailored description of the unique habits of each type on the internet. Usually the best relationship is said to occur between types that have completely opposite letter designations (since opposites can attract), such as ENFJ and ISTP. There are other theories based on the MBTI such as Socionics, which uses combinations of letters to determine other attributes such as Merry or Serious, and Resolute or Reasonable. Critics have shown that often the description doesn’t match the test taker, or the test gives a result that is in the margin between two types, or that different results are produced when the test is taken multiple times.
David Keirsey, who originally divided the Myers-Briggs types into subgroups of SP, SJ, NT, and NF, believes that Golda Meir was an excellent example of an ENTJ. HumanMetrics, an Israeli company that provides a free online Myers-Briggs test, lists Nathan the prophet as INFJ and David the king as ENFJ. CelebrityTypes.com lists Mark Zuckerberg, Isaac Asimov, Bobby Fischer, Ayn Rand, and Karl Marx as INTJ, Jesse Eisenberg, Milton Friedman, Alan Greenspan, and Albert Einstein as INTP, Carl Sagan, Michael Douglas, and Bernie Sanders as ENTJ, Jon Stewart and Sacha Baron Cohen as ENTP, Natalie Portman and Sigmund Freud as ISTJ, Harrison Ford, Scarlett Johansson, Woody Allen, and Jenna Jameson as ISTP, Ivanka Trump, Judge Judy, and Alan Dershowitz as ESTJ, Mila Kunis and Harry Houdini as ESTP, David Schwimmer, Leonard Cohen, Noam Chomsky, and Baruch Spinoza as INFJ, Franz Kafka as INFP, Sheryl Sandberg as ENFJ, Jerry Seinfeld and Anne Frank as ENFP, Gwyneth Paltrow as ISFJ, Bob Dylan as ISFP, Jason Segel and Larry King as ESFJ, and Steven Spielberg as ESFP.
INTP personality type is fairly rare, making up only three percent of the population, which is definitely a good thing for them, as there’s nothing they’d be more unhappy about than being “common”. INTPs pride themselves on their inventiveness and creativity, their unique perspective and vigorous intellect. Usually known as the philosopher, the architect, or the dreamy professor, INTPs have been responsible for many scientific discoveries throughout history. INTPs are known for their brilliant theories and unrelenting logic – in fact, they are considered the most logically precise of all the personality types.
INTJs radiate self-confidence and an aura of mystery, and their insightful observations, original ideas and formidable logic enable them to push change through with sheer willpower and force of personality. form just two percent of the population, and women of this personality type are especially rare, forming just 0.8% of the population – it is often a challenge for them to find like-minded individuals who are able to keep up with their relentless intellectualism and chess-like maneuvering. People with the INTJ personality type are imaginative yet decisive, ambitious yet private, amazingly curious, but they do not squander their energy. Rules, limitations and traditions are anathema to the INTJ personality type – everything should be open to questioning and reevaluation, and if they see a way, INTJs will often act unilaterally to enact their technically superior, sometimes insensitive, and almost always unorthodox methods and ideas.
ENTJs are natural-born leaders. People with this personality type embody the gifts of charisma and confidence, and project authority in a way that draws crowds together behind a common goal. ENTJs are characterized by an often ruthless level of rationality, using their drive, determination and sharp minds to achieve whatever end they’ve set for themselves. ENTJs are to thank for many of the businesses and institutions we take for granted every day.
ENTP personality type is the ultimate devil’s advocate, thriving on the process of shredding arguments and beliefs and letting the ribbons drift in the wind for all to see. No one loves the process of mental sparring more than ENTPs, as it gives them a chance to exercise their effortlessly quick wit, broad accumulated knowledge base, and capacity for connecting disparate ideas to prove their points.
INFJ personality type is very rare, making up less than one percent of the population, but they nonetheless leave their mark on the world. As Diplomats (NF), they have an inborn sense of idealism and morality, but what sets them apart is the accompanying Judging (J) trait – INFJs are not idle dreamers, but people capable of taking concrete steps to realize their goals and make a lasting positive impact.
INFP personalities are true idealists, always looking for the hint of good in even the worst of people and events, searching for ways to make things better. While they may be perceived as calm, reserved, or even shy, INFPs have an inner flame and passion that can truly shine.
ENFJs are natural-born leaders, full of passion and charisma. Forming around two percent of the population, they are oftentimes our politicians, our coaches and our teachers, reaching out and inspiring others to achieve and to do good in the world. With a natural confidence that begets influence, ENFJs take a great deal of pride and joy in guiding others to work together to improve themselves and their community.
ENFP personality is a true free spirit. They are often the life of the party, but unlike Explorers, they are less interested in the sheer excitement and pleasure of the moment than they are in enjoying the social and emotional connections they make with others. Charming, independent, energetic and compassionate, the 7% of the population that they comprise can certainly be felt in any crowd.
ISTJ personality type is thought to be the most abundant, making up around 13% of the population. Their defining characteristics of integrity, practical logic and tireless dedication to duty make ISTJs a vital core to many families, as well as organizations that uphold traditions, rules and standards, such as law offices, regulatory bodies and military.
ISFJ personality type has excellent analytical abilities; though Introverted (I), they have well-developed people skills and robust social relationships; and though they are a Judging (J) type, ISFJs are often receptive to change and new ideas. Nearly 13%. Combining the best of tradition and the desire to do good, ISFJs are found in lines of work with a sense of history behind them, such as medicine, academics and charitable social work.
ESTJs are representatives of tradition and order, utilizing their understanding of what is right, wrong and socially acceptable to bring families and communities together. Embracing the values of honesty, dedication and dignity, people with the ESTJ personality type are valued for their clear advice and guidance, and they happily lead the way on difficult paths. Taking pride in bringing people together, ESTJs often take on roles as community organizers, working hard to bring everyone together in celebration of cherished local events, or in defense of the traditional values that hold families and communities together.
ESFJ personality type are popular. They are the cheerleaders and the quarterbacks, setting the tone, taking the spotlight and leading their teams forward to victory and fame. ESFJs organizing social gatherings and doing their best to make sure everyone is happy.
ISTPs explore ideas through creating, troubleshooting, trial and error and first-hand experience. They enjoy having other people take an interest in their projects and sometimes don’t even mind them getting into their space. ISTPs enjoy lending a hand and sharing their experience, especially with the people they care about.
ISFPs live in a colorful, sensual world, inspired by connections with people and ideas. ISFP personalities take joy in reinterpreting these connections, reinventing and experimenting with both themselves and new perspectives. No other type explores and experiments in this way more. This creates a sense of spontaneity, making ISFPs seem unpredictable, even to their close friends and loved ones.
ESTPs are the likeliest personality type to make a lifestyle of risky behavior. They live in the moment and dive into the action – they are the eye of the storm. People with the ESTP personality type enjoy drama, passion, and pleasure, not for emotional thrills, but because it’s so stimulating to their logical minds. They are forced to make critical decisions based on factual, immediate reality in a process of rapid-fire rational stimulus response.
ESFPs love the spotlight, but all the world’s a stage. Many famous people with the ESFP personality type are indeed actors, but they love putting on a show for their friends too, chatting with a unique and earthy wit, soaking up attention and making every outing feel a bit like a party. Utterly social, ESFPs enjoy the simplest things, and there’s no greater joy for them than just having fun with a good group of friends
Personality Types Source: www.16personalities.com/personality-types
Alon Deutsch is the author of the book Introduction to Cognietrics. INTP, ISFP, ENFJ – what does it all mean? This book will show you what to expect when you come across one of these abbreviations. Drawing on references to epistemology, mathematics, physics, and even competing measures of intelligence, this book will explain how each Jungian type engages life.
The book is available on Amazon in paperback and eBook versions.
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